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Sax Rohmer at Towers of London

Saturday, November 1st, 2014 | Posted by William Patrick Maynard

51xCPS2lXQL._SY344_BO1,204,203,200_190px-FaceoffumanchuA couple weeks ago, I finally read Mr. Towers of London, the posthumously published memoirs of Harry Alan Towers, the unflappable veteran British radio/TV/film writer-producer with well over a hundred works to his credit. It wasn’t Towers’s first stab at writing his memoirs, but this final work was notable as his most personal.

Anyone who actually knows major figures in the entertainment industry is likely aware of some of the salacious stories of debauchery, sometimes even criminal activity, that are never far from the surface. Towers’s memoirs are unique for being perhaps the most honest ever committed to print. If he pulls any punches or whitewashes any parts of his adventures, he can surely be forgiven for what he does dish out about himself and others.

That said, the most disappointing part of the book for me is that he tells the reader very little about his experiences as a writer. I would have loved to have understood more about the more private side of his profession as the book places all of the emphasis on his role as a producer. Today, he is unfairly remembered as the producer of genre films and exploitation fare. While that accounted for much of his output after 1960, he was also a respected writer-producer of family drama who frequently cast some of the biggest stars in Hollywood in his radio, TV, and film productions.

My main interest is, of course, in Towers’s role in writing and producing eight films based on the works of Sax Rohmer. The first of which, The Face of Fu Manchu (1965) gets my vote as the finest screen adaptation of Rohmer’s work. Now it is worth noting that the rights obtained were for characters only, as no adaptations of any of Rohmer’s novels or stories were attempted. Christopher Lee and Nigel Green gave the very best screen performances as Fu Manchu and Nayland Smith. Don Sharp’s direction and Towers’s original script were both taut and exciting. Sadly, the rest of the series failed to meet the same high standard.

brides_of_fu_manchu_poster_05sumuruposter3The Brides of Fu Manchu (1966) is the best of what came after. Douglas Wilmer, despite being an excellent actor, is miscast as Smith in this film and its immediate sequel. The story isn’t as good, nor is Don Sharp’s direction and the so-called brides (alleged by Warner Bros. publicity to be beauty contest winners, but I have my doubts about this fact) aren’t much of a selling point.

The law of diminishing returns really kicked in with the two Shaw Brothers co-productions made in Hong Kong, The Vengeance of Fu Manchu and The Million Eyes of Sumuru, both released in 1967. It’s hard to say which director fared worse: Jeremy Summers or Lindsay Shonteff. The former has Douglas Wilmer on hand for effortless class, while the latter has a woefully miscast Frankie Avalon. Christopher Lee and Shirley Eaton as the respective titular villains deserved far better material, a frequent problem for Lee at Hammer Films as well.

Of course, matters only got worse with the arrival of cult director Jess Franco for a pair of South American-filmed sequels, The Blood of Fu Manchu and The Seven Secrets of Sumuru, both released in 1968. The former abandons the family-friendly approach for an awkward attempt to combine Fu Manchu with a spaghetti western format and heavy doses of sex and a bit of nudity tossed into the mix. The latter sees Franco dive deep into expanding Lindsay Shonteff’s campy lesbian fantasy into something approaching Roger Vadim’s Barbarella (1968) and Philip Kaufman’s Fearless Frank (1967). The film is a full-fledged pornographic comic book with garish visuals and gobs of Vaseline-smeared nipples. If the dregs of sixties exploitation fare isn’t your cup of tea (and it certainly wasn’t for Rohmer’s widow, who was responsible for Sumuru’s name being changed to Sumitra in English-language prints in an attempt to distance herself from the soft-core comic book fantasy), you should best avoid.

Towers and Franco then teamed for The Castle of Fu Manchu (1969), which was shot in Istanbul. The remarkable locations were wasted, sadly, while Franco padded the running time by reusing a lengthy sequence from The Brides of Fu Manchu and adding stock footage from Roy Ward Baker’s A Night to Remember (1958). Towers’s script for this final effort for the sixties has elements that suggest it might have been his best since The Face of Fu Manchu, but the script was either in dire need of a further draft or Franco wandered too far from the page in producing this mess.

Franco would return to the world of Sax Rohmer, without authorization, for Slaves of Crime (1986). This is a genuine piece of sleazy hardcore porn without any of the sixties camp to lighten the tone. That said, Franco tries hard to capture the feel of the two sixties Sumuru pictures. Lina Romay’s character is identified as being the daughter of Fu Manchu for no apparent reason other than as a nod to the director’s earlier cult work.

Towers himself returned to the material with Sumuru (2003), an unfortunate mess on the level of the worst SyFy Channel original productions. Alexandra Kamp’s Sumuru has nothing at all to do with Shirley Eaton’s portrayals, let alone Sax Rohmer’s fiction. The resulting film plays more like a cheap Planet of the Apes knockoff where the talking apes are replaced with supermodels. Yes, it really is that bad. The South African locations are, unfortunately, indistinguishable from the rock quarry as alien planet location work from countless sci-fi film and TV productions from the 1960s to the present.

Harry Alan Towers never gave up on Fu Manchu. A new film was in the planning for over forty years. His widow, Maria Towers (formerly frequent co-star of his films under the name of Maria Rohm) still holds the film and TV rights to Sax Rohmer’s works. There have been several false starts, but the legacy of Sax Rohmer and Harry Alan Towers may yet see the Devil Doctor returning to the screen. The world will hear from them again, as Christopher Lee would promise at the end of each film.


William Patrick Maynard was authorized to continue Sax Rohmer’s Fu Manchu thrillers beginning with The Terror of Fu Manchu (2009; Black Coat Press) and The Destiny of Fu Manchu (2012; Black Coat Press). The Triumph of Fu Manchu is coming soon from Black Coat Press.

2 Comments »

  1. And of course, Towers would work again with Lee in the early nineties on two Sherlock Holmes films worth a watch.

    http://www.blackgate.com/2014/03/17/the-public-life-of-sherlock-holmes-lord-of-misrule/

    Comment by Bob Byrne - November 1, 2014 12:55 am

  2. William Patrick has done it again. A well-researched and well-written article about the latter-day films based on Rohmer’s characters rather than his novels or stories.

    Comment by jrc - November 10, 2014 6:29 pm


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