Religion in Fantasy Lit

Religion in Fantasy Lit

Linus Peanuts

“There are three things I have learned never to discuss with people… religion, politics, and the Great Pumpkin.”
– Linus, Peanuts

Linus may have been right, but I’ve never been one to follow sensible advice. So today, I’m going to talk about religion in fantasy.

Religion is a touchy subject for some people, but it’s long been a tradition in the genre to create fictional deities and use them in a variety of ways. From Tolkien’s Silmarillion to the extensive pantheon of Stephen Erikson’s The Malazan Book of the Fallen series, fantasy is rich with mythology.

Whenever I begin to brainstorm ideas for a new novel or series, one step of my world-building is to imagine what sorts of religions will be present and how they shaped their societies. I have to ask myself questions such as: do the gods actually exist? If so, do they personally intervene in the lives of the characters? Does prayer possess temporal power? What is the role of religion in the daily lives of the common people?

These questions have vast ramifications for the story world. Even if the deities are unable or unwilling to directly intervene in the lives of mortals, the mere presence of belief will shape (or appear to shape) events. And if the deities actually answer the prayers of their adherents, that opens up all kinds of possibilities, which in turn should alter the structure of faith organizations. Just look to the history of Europe during the Middle Ages, when religion affected the politics and practices of great nations, and then imagine how powerful those priesthoods would have been if they could perform regular miracles, like ensuring bountiful harvests for the faithful or restoring the dead to life.

And what if the gods can physically manifest in the story world? How does that alter humanity’s relationship to the supernatural?

Tolkien The Silmarillion-smallPersonally, I enjoy fantasy from all across the spectrum, although I admit a preference for stories where the supernatural world is present in some fashion.

In Robert E. Howard’s Hyborian Age, the gods are largely abstract, but Conan still battles his fair share of demons and evil spirits, which seems to indicate that there are worlds beyond the physical where these entities originate.

Michael Moorcock’s champion, Elric, regularly confers with his patron demon lord, Arioch. And one cannot forget H.P. Lovecraft, whose bizarre and compelling proto-deities still resonate with many modern readers.

In my own writing thus far, I’ve tended to stay on the path of “less is more.” My Shadow series contained supernatural creatures, but religion remained confined to the mundane (mainly in the political arena.)

However, my new series, The Book of the Black Earth, takes place in a theocentric culture, where veneration of the gods is a primary component of everyday life. This, as I’ve said above, embroils me in new questions about how such a prominent religion affects my fictional society, but that’s one of the things I love about writing.

It’s like being an explorer in a vast, undiscovered land. No map, no guide — just me and my imagination.

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Hi Jon.

There are some authors who really do well exploring religion in fantasy. I think particularly of Tim Akers, who puts a lot of theology into his books (one of his books features a Paladin of a dead God as the protagonist)

Joe H.

Gene Wolfe also handled it in an interesting way in his Latro books where it’s never even commented on and unless you’re paying attention you don’t realize that Latro is actually talking to a god or a water spirit or whatever.

James McGlothlin

If the stories of an adamant atheist like H. P. Lovecraft count as examples of “religion in fantasy lit,” then it seems to me that your definition of this phrase is far too broad.

I think there’s a distinction between including religious terms, phrases, or tropes and actually exploring religion in some significant way in literature–fantasy or otherwise. (Frank Herbert’s Dune as well as Dan Simmons’ Hyperion series immediately comes to mind here.)

Of course, perhaps you aren’t interested in exploring religious subjects at all–which like any subject in literature is the author’s prerogative.

Interesting twists James exposes, but I was simply going to comment that Paul Kearney also involves religion quite a bit in his The Monarchies of God series (who’d a thunk, eh?). While I ended up enjoying that series and some of its characters quite a bit, I never cottoned to the depth and involvement of religion in his tale.

On the other hand, I am an avowed fan of Erikson’s Malazan Book of the Fallen gods and ascendants and their involvements in the world.

Just saying 😉


Mine own advice is not to start with the gods. Start with the religion.

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